Deep Sea Biomes In The Oceans
Deep Sea Biomes are routinely found all over the world in oceanic habitats. The oceans have five layers, three of which are classified as deep sea zones. The pressure in these zones are increasingly enormous the further down you go. Scroll down to learn more about the deepest ocean trench in the world, the Marianas Trench, or click below to learn more about the Pelagic Zones of the Ocean.
The Mariana Trench
Mount Everest - a mere 29,029 feet tall - is not nearly as unexplored as the Deep Sea Biome - specifically the Mariana Trench in the Western Pacific Ocean. The Mariana Trench is nearly 7 miles (11 kilometers) from the water's surface at this point in the ocean. The cause of this massive trench is a scar in the Earth's crust, which originated when 2 tectonic plates collided and forced one to dive beneath the other. Located roughly 124 miles from the Mariana Islands, only two ships have ever traveled down to the Mariana Trench. The first was in 1875. The British ship, the H.M.S. Challenger, traveled to the Mariana Trench and recorded a depth of roughly 5 miles below the water's surface. In 1951, the British ship, the H.M.S. Challenger II traveled down yet again, recording a depth of 7 miles below the water's surface.